TYPE - APPROVAL OF TRACTORS AND ITS TRAILERS
In accordance with Regulation 167/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 February 2013 only such tractors and their trailers that comply with the requirements of the technical regulations specified in the European Union and Latvia may be offered on the market.
The design requirements for new agricultural and forestry tractors and their trailers, the responsibilities of distributors and importers, the responsibilities of type-approvals and the responsibilities of market surveillance authorities are laid down in Regulation 167/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the approval and market surveillance of agricultural and forestry vehicles (hereinafter Regulation 167 / 2013) governing the operation of the common type - approval system for agricultural and forestry tractors and their trailers in the EU.
It covers and divides tractor machinery into the following categories:
For wheeled tractors - category T
Track-laying tractors - Category C.
For agricultural trailers - category R.
For interchangeable towed machinery - Category S.
SIA “Sertifikācijas un testēšanas centrs” is accredited and notified to the European Commission as a type approval body for agricultural tractors, which performs certification of agricultural tractors and trailers in accordance with the requirements of the European Commission Regulation No. 167/2013.
The Regulation has been in force since 2016 and replaces the existing Directive 2003/37 / EC on the type-approval of agricultural or forestry tractors, their trailers and interchangeable towed machinery, together with their systems, components and separate technical units. Regulation 167/2013 is binding on all manufacturers, importers, distributors (dealers) of agricultural tractor equipment.
It sets out not only the design requirements for vehicles, but also the obligations of manufacturers, importers and distributors, EU market surveillance authorities and certification bodies.
In order to be approved by a tractor or trailer, the manufacturer must meet the following requirements:
Requirements for the functional safety of a vehicle - Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/208
Construction and occupational safety requirements - Commission Regulation (EU) 1322/2014
Environmental performance and power plant performance of agricultural and forestry vehicles - Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/96
Braking requirements for agricultural and forestry vehicles - Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/68
The conformity of the tractor or trailer shall be attested by:
EU Whole Vehicle Type Approval and a Certificate of Conformity issued by the manufacturer to certify that a particular agricultural vehicle conforms to the type for which the EU vehicle has been approved have been issued by one of the European Union's type-approval authorities.
National Vehicle Type Approval issued by one of the European Union type-approval authorities and a Certificate of Conformity issued by the manufacturer certifying that the agricultural vehicle in question conforms to the type for which the national vehicle type-approval has been granted .
National type-approval shall be valid only in those Member States which have accepted that national type-approval. Individual certification of a vehicle granted by the Certification and Testing Center, which is valid only in Latvia. Separate approval of a vehicle may be carried out on any agricultural vehicle in one copy.